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Glaucoma Diagnosis and Treatment

Glaucoma is a kind of eye condition that leads to optic nerve damage and vision loss. Glaucoma is often caused by increased pressure, or hypertension, within the eye. Genetics, diabetic retinopathy, retinal occlusion, ocular trauma and dietary deficiencies are risk factors that might increase the likelihood of developing glaucoma. There are different types of glaucoma, like open-angle, closed-angle, and normal-tension. If this disease is left untreated, it could result in blindness.

Woman getting tested for glaucoma.

Treatments for Glaucoma

Eye doctors usually treat glaucoma by lowering hypertension within your eyes. This can be done in a variety of surgical and non-surgical ways. 

Non-Surgical Treatments

  • Eye drops - Doctors can prescribe eye drops to lower your IOP (intraocular pressure). However, this form of treatment might be avoided if you are taking medications that are incompatible with eye drops. Drops could also cause a burning or stinging sensation. It's recommended that you close your eyes a few minutes after administering the drops.
  • Medication pills - Pills tend to have a greater systemic impact in lowering your IOP. Some types of pill medication need to be taken two to four times a day. Like with eye drops, IOP pills cannot always be mixed with other types of medication. 

Surgical Treatments

  • Laser surgery - This type of surgery is increasingly popular in treating open-angle glaucoma. Quick and painless, many laser surgeries last around 10 to 15 minutes. 
  • Cycloablation - This surgery focuses on destroying the ciliary body, a structure that produces fluid in the eye. 
  • Argon laser trabeculoplasty (ALT) - This surgery improves the outflow of drainage by focusing on the trabecular meshwork of the eye. The trabecular meshwork is tissue that drains the aqueous humor via the anterior chamber.
  • Selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) - This surgery uses lower energy levels and partially leaves the trabecular meshwork intact. 
  • Trabeculectomy - This surgery drains the excess eye fluid in order to the lower the pressure within the eye.
  • Laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) - This surgery involves the creation of an opening into the iris, making way for an aqueous flow from the iris to the anterior chamber. 
  • Drainage implant surgery - a procedure that drains aqueous humor from the anterior chamber. 

How to Find Treatment for Glaucoma in Los Angeles, CA

If you are exhibiting signs of glaucoma, it may be time to seek an optometrist in Los Angeles, CA. Symptoms of glaucoma include vision loss, ocular pain, glares, halos, blurred vision, headaches, nausea, and vomiting. Westchester Eye Care Center is staffed with medical professionals who are more than qualified to treat conditions like glaucoma. You can come in for a comprehensive eye exam or a surgical consultation. If you have any questions about our services, contact Westchester at (310) 670-1888.